There were many taboos intended to influence such superstitious beliefs. [29], Post-apartheid South Africa's Constitution guarantees the right to freedom of religion, belief and opinion among other freedoms. Three quarters (75.6%) of … The CRL Rights Commission held countrywide consultative public hearings in June and July 2012 to assess the need for a review of public holidays following the receipt of complaints from minority groups about unfair discrimination. Factbook > Countries > South Africa > Demographics. [12], According to the World Values Survey, between 1981 and 2001, South Africa was one of only three societies to see an increase in religious participation, and it was the leader among these, with churchgoing increasing by 13% in that period, from 43% of people surveyed to 57% being churchgoers. The Census 2001 provided the most recent national statistics for religious denominations. The third section analyses statistical data on the state of religion in South Africa, while the last section offers some concluding remarks on the relationship between modernisation and secularisation in South Africa thus far. However, other religions are protected by the constitution. [11], The Association of Religion Data Archives (relying on World Christian Trends) estimated in 2010 that 82.0% of South Africans identified as Christian, 7.1% identified with indigenous religions, 5.4% identified as agnostic, 2.4% identified as Hindu, 1.7% identified as Muslim, 0.5% identified as Baháʼí, 0.3% each identified as Buddhist and atheist, 0.2% identified as Jewish, and less than 0.1% identified with each other group. The European settlers believed that Africans did not have the true religion and so the implementation to extinct the traditional belief system. Today, however, Africa is overwhelmingly populated by followers of these two religions. It is also believed that Sheikh Yusuf of Macassar was the first person to introduce the Quran in South Africa. A minority of South African population does not belong to any of the major religions, but regard themselves as traditionalists or of no specific religious affiliation. [18] Although, the majority of South African Muslims are Sunni, smaller numbers are Ahmadi, particularly in Cape Town.[19]. Christianity is the dominant religion in South Africa, with almost 80% of the population in 2001 professing to be Christian. Previously, religious marriage officers could only be legally designated as such "for the purpose of solemnising marriages according to Christian, Jewish or Mohammedan rites or the rites of any Indian religion" in accordance with the Marriage Act. Almost 80% of South African population adheres to the Christian faith. However, this very fact was disputed by the early Christian missionaries who made their way to the shores of Southern Africa. The Indians who worked as laborers in the settlements introduced Hinduism and now forms 1.2% of the total population in the country. [16] 2.7 million are of various black African ethnic groups, such as Zulu, Xhosa, and Sotho. By Eshlin Vedan and Mark Nancarrow According to the last population census that recorded religious identity, 79.8% of South African citizens identified as Christian. The early patterns of Jewish South African history are almost identical to the history of the Jews in the United States but on a much smaller scale, including the period of early discovery and settlement from the late 17th century to the early 19th century. The Auwal or Owal Mosque built in 1794, is a mosque in the Bo-Kaap neighbourhood of Cape Town, South Africa, it is recognised as the first mosque established in the country. Later each of the constituent countries successively formed their own independent Baháʼí National Spiritual Assembly. [13], Christianity is the dominant religion in South Africa, with almost 80% of the population in 2001 professing to be Christian. The belief was introduced in the early 1916 under the guidance of Engenas Lekganyane, a once evangelical student of the Anglican system. Among potential Jewish emigrants, many were likelier to select a destination popular among other South Africans, such as Australia. [25] Modern South Africa has many Hindu temples, and its Hindu community observes major festivals of Hinduism such as Deepavali. Added to this are a considerable number of Muslims from India and Pakistan that have arrived as economic migrants. The Calvinist Afrikaans is not so into the religion, and their population is almost insignificant. Once it was introduced to Africa, Christianity slowly spread from Alexandria to Ethiopia. This was reinforced by the arrival of the French Huguenots shortly thereafter. Unfortunately, I have to limit myself to the constitutional position of just two of the many religions in the country, as space and time do not allow for more. Freedom of worship is guaranteed by the Constitution, and official policy is of non-interference in religious practices. The San community maintains the African Traditional Religion up to today. The charismatic churches have, therefore, become centers of power in their own right. Below are the most notable Christian belief systems; Protestantism is the primary belief system in South Africa with 36% of the total population. C. Jeannerat, D. Péclard & E. Morier-Genoud, This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 07:51. Religion. Located in Johannesburg, South Africa, Nizamiye is believed to be the biggest mosque complex in the Southern Hemisphere. Of the approximately 176,000 Indians of all faiths who were transported to the Natal province, almost 7-10% of the first shipment were Muslims. I believe that with the advent of Christianity in parts of Africa, there has been a huge change is the amount of superstition. Today, the church embraces gay relationships and endorses them as full members of the Christian faith. As we have seen above, religion of one kind or another has existed in South Africa for as long as there have been people living here. The first symbols of Christianity in southern Africa were in the form of crosses planted along the coast by early Portuguese seafarers. The Roman Catholic Church is the main Catholicism in South Africa and 7.1 of the population in the country are followers of this religion.The belief system is common among the Zulu, Xhosa, and Sotho. In 1996, there were approximately 3.3 million Catholics in South Africa making up 6% of the total South African population. Since then, Protestantism has been the predominant religion of the European settlers and today, of South Africa as a whole. [17] Most white Catholics are English speaking. A 2012 Win-Gallup International Religiosity and Atheism poll indicated that the number of South Africans who consider themselves religious decreased from 83% of the population in 2005 to 64% of the population in 2012. Religion in South Africa (2016 Community Survey)[1]. Even though the country prides itself in being a multi-dominion country, 15% of the population do not identify themselves with any religion, the second largest group after the Protestant Christians. The majority are descended from Irish and Italian immigrants. The Catholic Church in South Africa is part of the universal Catholic Church composed of the Roman Rite and 22 Eastern Rites, of which the South African church is under the spiritual leadership of the Southern African Catholic Bishops Conference and the pope based in Vatican City. The belief systems have the right to run under the wings of democracy and the right to worship. He most probably did not. As many as 6.76 million people, or … Even though the country prides itself on being a multi-dominion country, 15% of the population do not identify themselves with any religion, the second largest group after the Protestant Christians. The belief system is similar to the Anglican faith and forms 6.7% of the total population in the country. The members were exiled and together during the Great Trek of Afrikaner-Boer, the church developed. African traditional religions have been washed away, and especially with Christianity, they are viewed as pagan and heathen in nature. Nizamiye is fashioned after the 16th-century Selimiye Mosque in Turkey, a building that showcases spectacular Ottoman design. Kumar (2012), Hinduism in South Africa, in Elias Kifon Bongmba (Editor) - The Wiley Blackwell Companion to African Religions, Southern African Catholic Bishops Conference, Commission for the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Communities, "History of the Baháʼí Faith in South Africa", "QuickLists: Most Baha'i (sic) Nations (2010)", "Table: Census 2001 by province, gender, religion recode (derived) and population group", "Census 2011 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)", "Believers in Christ from a Muslim Background: A Global Census", http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1107&context=totem, "South Africa - Section I. It is mostly women advanced in age that are persecuted as witches by communities holding traditional beliefs. Is that in the post-apartheid era Christians has grown 20-fold, and especially with Christianity they... The predominant religion of the Cape of Good Hope in 1652 by the settlers the! 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