8) Aurangzeb banned the festival of Nauroz , as it was considered as Zoroastrian practice favored by the Safavid rulers of Iran. Ajmer became the seat for the Mughal governor in Rajasthan. Mughal Administration (in Hindi) 10m 07s. He was not a religious man. A team of Dedicated Mentors are at work to help you through Revision, Current Affairs, Test Series, Standard Notes to ace Your Dream to became an IAS ! However, his religious views went through a process of slow evolution. The Jizyah was re-imposed in1575. Akbar thus tried to befriend the Rajputs but at the same time desired to bring them under his suzerainty. ADVERTISEMENTS: Akbar was a Muslim, and like a true Muslim he had respect for all religious faiths. History. Bairam Khan is responsible for molding his conduct and shaping his early policy. Only the main points from the chapters are compiled below. (a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2. His father was a Central Asian Sunni given to belief in super­stitious mysticism. Religious policies of Jahangir The liberal character of the state instituted by Akbar was maintained during the first half of the 17th century, though with a few lapses under Jahangir, and with some modifications by Shah Jahan. He had equal regard for all religious system and he believed in the essential unity of all religions. This weakened the power of the Rajputs to offer him resistance. Hindi (Hindi) Akbar Policies : UPSC CSE. But Aurangzeb was sectarian in his views and often carried them to excesses. Emperor Akbar (1556–1605) During Humayun’s wanderings in the Rajputana desert, his wife gave birth to a son, Jalaluddin, known as Akbar, in 1542. Akbar’s attitude towards his Hindu subjects was guided by the policy of Sulhi-kul.2. Religious Policy. Akbar promoted tolerance of other faiths and even encouraged debate on philosophical and religious issues. He was the third and one of the greatest rulers of the Mughal Dynasty in India. Akbar accepted all his subject equal regardless Akbar was crowned at the age of fourteen. His attempt to set himself up as a jagat guru, the spiritual leader of the people, was a political mistake.In a nutshell, Akbar’s policy of Sulh-i Kull completely collapsed which affected the very fabric of the Mughal society. Pilgrimage tax was abolished in 1563. So, the religious policies of both Akbar and Aurangzeb are the most differing, according to the stances taken by them. Abu Fazl links Din-i ilahi with the concept of Akbar being a spiritual guide of the people. Choose Goal. The akbar adopted the policy of peace in place of Islamic doctrine. Akbar: Evolution of religious and social outlook, theory of Sulh-i-kul and religious policy: Part II (3) The Third Phase (1581-1605): Akbar's own religious ideas and beliefs crystallized slowly during the last phase. The patronage to the Dargah at Ajmer became an important aspect of Akbar’s religious policy. At the beginning of his reign, Aurangzeb prohibited the kalma being inscribed on coins, as it trampled underfoot or be defiled while passing from one hand to another. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Medieval History. The non-Muslim who were the bulk of … The main reference material for this post is NCERT History text for Class 7 (Our past -1). Akbar was born and brought up in comparatively liberal surrounding. He gave religious freedom to all communities and refused to discriminate between the subjects on the basis of religion. The core of Akbar’s religious beliefs was his faith in Din-i Ilahi, based largely on the philosophies of Ibn-i Arabi. Pawan Jha. In 1564, Jizya tax was abolished by Akbar. The crux of Akbar's religious beliefs was his faith in monotheism or Tauhid-i-Ilahi. Religious Policy of Akbar. 1B, Second Floor,Pusa Road, Karol Bagh, New Delhi - 110005 (Beside Karol Bagh Metro Station Gate No. Civil Services (Prelims) Examination Special Quick Revision Notes Mughal Empire - III (Administration under Akbar) : Indian History 1. These discussions took place in ibadat Khana . Akbar‟s religious policy basically based on the doctrine of Sulh-i Kul which means universal peace as well as tolerance for every individual. Dec 10,2020 - With reference to the religious policy of Akbar, consider the following statements:1. The proceedings at Ibadat Khana were initially confined to Muslims only.3. Question Religious policy of Jahangir has been placed between his father, Akbar and his son, Shah Jahan. Th Religious Policy of Akbar was liberal. He came in contact with people of all faiths which liberalised his views. The Ibādat Khāna (House of Worship) was a meeting house built in 1575 CE by the Mughal Emperor Akbar (r. 1556–1605) at Fatehpur Sikri to gather spiritual leaders of different religious grounds so as to conduct a discussion on the teachings of the respective religious leaders.. His father Humayun and grandfather Babur did not introduce any changes because they were the first conquerors of the. This Course is beneficial for UPSC CSE aspirants. Akbar’s Rajput Policy – 1 Akbar was a great statesman. Saint Nimbarka was a contemporary of Akbar. Akbar Religious Policy Religious Freedom to all Communities. From his childhood Akbar had come in… Read more The Jats and Satnamis and also the Sikhs revolted against him due to his harsh religious policy. Akbar had been brought up in an atmosphere surcharged with conflicting religious influences. Aurangzeb banned the festival of Nauroz, as it was considered as Zoroastrian practice favored by the Safavid rulers of Iran. Saint Kabir was greatly influenced by Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi. UPSC NCRET HISTORY NOTES: TOPIC WISE SOLVED MCQ’s UPSC HISTORY MEDIEVAL INDIA: India Under Akbar (Mughal Empire) Notes 2. Save. Aurangazeb, as governor of Deccan, followed a belligerent Deccan policy. Analyzing IAS exam pattern, it is evident that candidates should have clear understanding concepts and this is possible through daily IAS preparation.To assist you Himalai IAS coaching is come up with UPSC subject wise most … He had faith in God and observed principles of Islam in a normal way. Can you explain this answer? These points might come quite handy for Prelims and Mains. India’s Best Online Website for IAS Exam Preparation. Administrative Units. The religious policy of Akbar is known as 'Din-e-ilahi', which literally means the integrity of all the religions. Related posts: Get complete information on the Religious Policy of the Mughals Useful […] Akbar (1556-1605): Abu'l-Fath Jalal ud-din Muhammad Akbar, popularly known as Akbar I. later as Akbar the Great was was Mughal Emperor from 1556 until his death. Soon after his accession to the throne he came to the conclusion that the friendship of the Rajputs, a brave and fearless community, would be very valuable and that it would be disastrous to follow a policy … Religious policy of Akbar the Great was based on a Sufi doctrine known as Sulh-i-Kul (meaning of Sulh-i-Kul is Peace with All), a policy of universal brotherhood and non-discrimination. The Mughal Empire (Notes+MCQ) Babur (1483-1530 A.D., ruled 1526-1530 A.D.) Zahir-ud-din Babur was the founder of the Mughal Empire. As an enlightened ruler, Akbar based his rule on a firm foundation. He followed the policy of “Sulh-i-Kuls” or peace with all. Dec 09,2020 - Akbars religious Policy was characterised by a)Tolerance towards all religions b)Not indifference to religions c)An illiberal attitude to other communities d)Beliefs in secularismCorrect answer is option 'D'. Evaluate the Religious Policy of Akbar Evaluate the Religious Policy of Akbar The religious policy of Akbar the Great was the most liberal exponent of the policy of toleration among all Muslim ruler in India. Akbar succeeded his father, Humayun, under a regent, Bairam Khan, who helped the young emperor expand and consolidate Mughal domains in India. Akbar, in full Abū al-Fatḥ Jalāl al-Dīn Muḥammad Akbar, (born October 15?, 1542, Umarkot [now in Sindh province, Pakistan]—died c. October 25, 1605, Agra, India), the greatest of the Mughal emperors of India.He reigned from 1556 to 1605 and extended Mughal power over most of the Indian subcontinent. There was no Mughal land revenue system before Akbar. Religious Policy At the beginning of his reign, Aurangzeb prohibited the kalma being inscribed on coins, as it trampled underfoot or be defiled while passing from one hand to another. Akbar’s most notable tutor, Abdul Latif, taught him the principle of universal peace which […] UPSC CSE. The Deccan policy of the Mughals started from the reign of Akbar. Expectations of orthodox circles: At the outset of Jahangir's reign, there was an expectation in orthodox circles that… He was the eldest son of Umar Sheikh Mirza, a direct descendant of Turk-Mongol conqueror Timur, also known as Tamurlane. In 1562, he banned forcible conversions. rishi upsc — September 5, 2020 add comment. Login. Your One-Stop Solution for All round UPSC Civil Service Exam Preparations. He truly felt that since very religion pointed towards God there is no point why the people belonging to different religions should not live peacefully. He believed in the unity of God. The final phase (1581-1605) of Akbar’s religious beliefs and state is defined by the crystallization of Akbar’s ideological beliefs. This may have had political motivations as Akbar needed a Mughal base in Rajasthan. In this course we would analyse the different policies of Akbar. Free courses. His religious policy did not discriminate other religions and focused on the ideas of peace, unity and tolerance. This led to the creation of the Ibādat Khāna ("House of Worship") at Fatehpur Sikri in 1575, which invited theologians, poets, scholars, and philosophers from all religious denominations, including Christians, Hindus, Jains, and Zoroastrians. In his childhood he came in contact with Sufism and from 1562, for eighteen long years, he made annual pilgrimage to the shrine of Shaikh Muinuddin Chisti at Ajmer. The religious policy of Akbar was very liberal. Complete Preparation Guide for UPSC Civil Service Exam. When Akbar was at Fatehpur Sikri during the 1570s he started discussions on religion with the ulama,Brahmanas and jesuit priests . Akbar captured strong forts of the Rajputs like the forts of Chittor, Ranthambhor, and Kalinjar. The basic purpose of Akbar’s religious policy was universal tolerance. Answer: d. Also Read : What to Study for IAS UPSC? Bairam Khan, who subsequently became Akbar’s guardian and protector, was a Shia Muslim. He did not practice principles of Islam strictly. | EduRev UPSC Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 103 UPSC Students. ... Akbar's Religious Policy (in Hindi) 9m 09s. The ideas of Akbar’s early religious doctrine were influenced by his teacher Abdul Latif and Sufi ideology. The liberal religious policy of Akbar also directed him to be friendly with them. It was also known as the principle of peace with all, ie peaceful behavior with all. In this article on Medieval India, we cover the Mughal Dynasty. 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