Repentance in the ordinary sense seems futile. The seven deadly sins can by overcome with seven corresponding virtues. Reviewed in the United States on May 21, 2014. When that did not work, he had Uriah killed. He came into mortality as a descendant of David and as an heir to his throne both physically and spiritually. The ill treatment of David’s ambassadors, who were deliberately humiliated and degraded by the exposure of their faces and lower bodies, brought on full-scale war that only served to expand David’s domain. … Michal is intentionally designated the daughter of Saul here, instead of the wife of David, because on this occasion she manifested her father’s disposition rather than her husband’s. Why are we told that Jesus shall receive “the throne of his father David” (Luke 1:32) and that He has “the key of David”? He then tried to cover up her pregnancy, and when he failed with that, he had her husband Uriah the Hittite killed. (26-22) Let us now return to the questions raised in the introduction to this chapter. The tribe of Judah accepted David as king, but for seven years there was no unity, and two opposing kings reigned (see v. 11). Elder Bruce R. McConkie explained the limits of David’s eternal inheritance: “Murderers are forgiven eventually but only in the sense that all sins are forgiven except the sin against the Holy Ghost; they are not forgiven in the sense that celestial salvation is made available to them. Recommended for larger religious collections. I would like to add that this book contains comparison text, maps, timelines, and glossaries which makes it a wide-ranging account of King David; it's not like he is plucking ideals out of the air...he uses the biblical text and a bit of common sense (coming from a foundation in the historical context of the time). )” (Miracle of Forgiveness, pp. 195–96.). “As happens too frequently, it is only when a sinner knows that his sin is known that he begins to repent! I planned to write a pithy review of this book and move on, but when I saw some of the negative comments here I decided to offer a bit more than that. But THAT is the point, isn't it? Thus, in the clash between the two kingdoms, champions were chosen to determine the winner (see Reading 25-5). The third was Shammah. (See Psalms 16 and 51; then see Hebrews 6:4–6; Revelation 22:14–15; D&C 132:27; 76:31–37; 29:41 and 42:18, 79. But it is clearly a Messianic prophecy as well. The man who came to David and reported that he had killed Saul at Saul’s insistence was not Saul’s armor-bearer. After a brief mention of four expeditions against the Philistines, the sacred writer records a sin of pride on David's part in his resolution to take a census of the people. The tribe of Judah accepted David as king, but for seven years there was no unity, and two opposing kings reigned (see v. 11). His refusal to lift his hand against Saul because he was the Lord’s anointed is one of the finest examples of loyalty anywhere in the scriptures. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device required. Only the high priest (a type of Christ) could approach it and then only after going through an elaborate ritual of personal cleansing and propitiation for his sins (see Reading D-6). David united the twelve tribes into one nation under the ultimate leadership of God. One reader here takes the author, Gary Greenberg, to task for indulging in historical speculation. The story of David reveals God’s amazing grace and sovereignty. Truly it could be said, “The Lord preserved David whithersoever he went” (2 Samuel 8:6). When the armor-bearer refused to kill his master, Saul fell upon his sword rather than fall into the hands of the Philistines. After they have paid the full penalty for their crime, they shall go on to a telestial inheritance. good old ugly human nature reasons like power, wealth, and coverups. Enraged, Abner retaliated against Ishbosheth by turning the hearts of the rest of the people to King David (see vv. 17–19), and then he himself deserted to David’s camp (see v. 20). Use Notes and Commentary below to help you as you read and study 2 Samuel 1–12. The holiness of God is clearly taught in scripture. David had it within his grasp, and then, in a foolish attempt to hide his sin, sent a man to his death. Nathan’s allegory was skillfully drawn, and his climatic ‘Attah ha ish!’ (‘Thou art the man’) must have crashed in upon the conscience of David like the harbingers of doom’s day. When first given to Israel, the ark was placed in the Holy of Holies in the tabernacle, and not even the priest was allowed to approach it. King David's life can be compared to a modern soap opera complete with deceit, corruption, murder, seduction, and intrigue. We have already seen him as the shepherd boy turned warrior and as the king’s armor-bearer turned king’s outlaw by Saul’s own madness. The three oldest sons followed Saul. There's a problem loading this menu right now. David wanted to build a house for the lord and the ark, but the lord instructed him by Nathan not to build the house because he was a man of____. But to take a life, whether someone else’s or one’s own, cuts off the victim’s experiences of mortality and thus his opportunity to repent, to keep God’s commandments in this earth life. The origin of the city of Jerusalem is lost in antiquity. I did not realize until I read in Mr. Greenberg's book that the priests did not just lead prayers, they were political and military forces as well, so Samuel's contention that God didn't like Saul anymore came out of the fact that Saul took away Samuel's power, prestige, and money. David committed a grevious sin of adultery, deceit, and murder, regarding Bathsheba and her husband Uriah. And these are legion. The contest between the men of Abner and the men of Joab at the pool of Gibeon was more than a simple grudge match. This turning about that he might pierce him is what we translate ‘the hinder end of his spear.’ This slaying of Asahel cost Abner his life.” (Clarke, Bible Commentary, 2:313.). Certainly David must be viewed as one of the greatest royal administrators. Like his earlier book, this one may anger some more conservative readers. The oldest son was Eliab. Please try again. He never took to himself authority that was not his nor practiced unrighteous dominion. Nothing could stop the inevitable and devastating effects of King Manasseh’s decades of wickedness (2 Kings 21:20, 23:26, and 24:3 and Jeremiah 15:4) As a penance for this sin, he was allowed to choose either a famine, an unsuccessful war, or pestilence. It would have been difficult, but not impossible. She availed herself of the shortness of the priests’ shoulder dress, to make a contemptuous remark concerning David’s dancing, as an impropriety that was unbecoming in a king. – 1 Samuel 21:10. ). If, however, the war occurred after Jerusalem’s seizure, the hold may refer to Jerusalem itself (see 2 Samuel 5:7, 9). The roof of David’s palace was probably high enough that he could have looked into the inner courts of a number of homes nearby. Let us look around us and see how quickly men who attempt unauthoritatively to steady the ark die spiritually. “As to crimes for which no adequate restoration is possible, I have suggested … that perhaps the reason murder is an unforgivable sin is that, once having taken a life—whether that life be innocent or reprobate—the life-taker cannot restore it. How shall we view this great man of history? Sumer was first settled by humans from 4500 to 4000 B.C., though it is probable that some settlers arrived much earlier.This early population—known as the Ubaid people—was notable for strides in the development of civilization such as farming and raising cattle, weaving textiles, working with carpentry and pottery and even enjoying beer. David went to great lengths to demonstrate to the people that he had had nothing to do with Abner’s death (see vv. 28–38). “When the ark came (i.e. Jesus, the Messiah, was called David, He would hold the key of David, and He would sit upon the throne of David (see Reading 26-1). It is little wonder Ishbosheth was concerned. Genesis Chronology and Egyptian King-Lists: The Egyptian Origins of Genesis History (Genesis and Egypt), The Moses Mystery: The Egyptian Origins of the Jewish People. )” (Rasmussen, Introduction to the Old Testament, 1:185–86.). David's sin began with a thought in his mind—the sin of lust. He seemed justified when the oxen stumbled in putting forth his hand to steady that symbol of the covenant. However, it does raise a dangerous question: If the lies and hype about the promised Messiah start that far back, what does that do to his credibility when he shows up to claim the title? This is a summary of the Biblical account of David and Bathsheba. Something went wrong. (26-23) The account of Uzzah being smitten dead while attempting to save the ark of the covenant from toppling over (see Reading 26-10) raises questions in the minds of many readers. David’s motivation for wanting to build a permanent house for the Lord (the tabernacle built by Moses in the wilderness was then about three hundred years old) was proper and good, but the Lord, through Nathan, denied him permission to do so. His wisdom and goodness finally united the tribes into one kingdom loyal to David. Sourcebooks Inc; First Edition (November 1, 2002), Reviewed in the United States on August 7, 2005. The was perhaps the greatest transgression of David's life. It is a great work that we are engaged in, and it is for us to prepare ourselves for the labor before us, and to acknowledge God, his authority, his law and his priesthood in all things.” (Gospel Kingdom, p. 166. If a tragedy, why is the Messiah prophesied to sit “upon the throne of David” (Isaiah 9:7), and be called “David their king”? David conquered Jerusalem A careful reading of 1 Samuel 31:1–6 and 2 Samuel 1:1–16 shows two different accounts of Saul’s death. “It seems Asahel wished to get the armour of Abner as a trophy; this also was greatly coveted by ancient heroes. When Joshua crossed the Jordan the Jebusites, a Canaanite tribe, possessed the city. To approach the royal concubines was tantamount to claiming the throne. King Saul became jealous of David's success. Do not think you are wise and that you can manage and manipulate the priesthood, for you cannot do it. No specific reason was given here, only a blessing on David’s house. Under David’s leadership the kingdom expanded to the extent of God’s promise to Abraham (see Genesis 15:18). It is called Judaism. He may give his own life as payment, but this does not wholly undo the injury done by his crime. Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. Even the loss of chastity leaves the soul in mortality with opportunity to recover and repent and to make amends to some degree. What he succeeds in doing is not telling us the way it really was but rather how it might have been, constructing an alternative scenario which attempts to straighten out the peculiarities in the original text. While much of the story is not known, it is an excellent example that the commands of God are sacred and must be observed precisely as the Lord decreed. Second, God will forgive anyone who repents. He was the one to whom Abraham paid a tithe of all he possessed. He then brought that thought to action by actually committing the act of adultery. He then tried deception to cover up his sin. Joab was David’s commander. The Joseph Smith Translation says, “The Lord also hath not put away thy sin” (JST, 2 Samuel 12:13). Should we view David’s life as a triumph or as a tragedy? This may be true not only for David and Solomon, but also for figures like Jeroboam I, the leader of Israel’s rebellion against Rehoboam and the first king of the north. Our first lesson comes not from David, but from G‑d Himself. Everyone who knows the Bible knows that King David was a great man. For the first time in history, David succeeded in winning the whole extent of the promised land for the covenant people (see Reading 26-14). The work contains maps, timelines, glossaries, and comparison text, making it a comprehensive account of King David. Where the greatest sin had previously been to worship competing gods, the prophets introduced a new concept of sin, namely, to do wrong against one’s fellow man. David became King of Judah and then King of the united 12 tribes of Israel ( 2 Sam 2:4). His armor-bearer then followed suit and also died. Joab used this opportunity to avenge the death of his brother (see v. 27). Touching the ark, the throne of the divine glory and visible pledge of the invisible presence of the Lord, was a violation of the majesty of the holy God. Though he later hoped and prayed that his soul would not be left forever in hell (the spirit prison), yet the eternal destiny of doers of such twin sins does not look good. Reviewed in the United States on March 2, 2015. He did not receive the resurrection at the time of the resurrection of Jesus Christ. After Saul died, the tribes of Israel did not immediately flock to David and accept him as king. Find all the books, read about the author, and more. This move was important politically, for those whom Abner had persuaded to change their loyalty to David could easily have gone back to Ishbosheth at the news of Abner’s death. )” (Rasmussen, Introduction to the Old Testament, 1:185. (Individual study students should complete all of this section.). Abner, the captain of Saul’s host (his commanding general), set up one of Saul’ sons as the new king (see vv. About midway between present-day Beirut and Haifa in Israel was the port city of Tyre, one of the ancient and most important cities of the Phoenicians. was carried) into the city of David, Michal the daughter of Saul looked out of the window, and there she saw king David leaping and dancing before Jehovah, and despised him in her heart. Mr. Greenberg also explains the reasons for the whitewash and sanitizing of David in both of the Biblical books he sites One of them 'rehabilitates' David because the writers were part of the group of priests who joined David to do away with Saul and besides, David's lineage was still in power. In Saul’s time people did not trouble themselves about the ark of the covenant [1 Chronicles 13:3]; public worship was neglected, and the soul for vital religion had died out in the family of the king. “If the Latter-day Saints ever hope to make any headway with the Jewish people, they must stop talking about King David as a tragic, sinful figure, for we view him as one of the great figures of our history.” So spoke a Jewish youth to his Latter-day Saint neighbor. When Saul was king, Jesse was already very old. Removal from this earth by the hand of the Lord must come at one time or another and can be a blessing to an individual, brought about for his best interest at whatever time the Lord sees it to be optimum. We should never have trusted him. Referring to Joab (David’s general) as “my master” in front of the king was tantamount to treason, and Uriah deserved the death penalty for his rebellion.24 However, King David sentenced him to death under the guise of sending him to war so people should not say, … Of course we have no outside material to rely on to refute or alter the biblical tale that has come down to us. After a brief mention of four expeditions against the Philistines, the sacred writer records a sin of pride on David’s part in his resolution to take a census of the people. (Matt. )” (Mormon Doctrine, p. 520.). “His repentant feelings were no doubt sincere, but he could not repent enough to restore the life of his friend, Uriah, nor the virtue of his wife. Those defamed may still be able to prove themselves above reproach. Warrior and King, composer and conqueror, unifier and organizer, a man after God’s own heart. For the first time, under his direction the chosen people controlled the whole land promised to Abraham’s seed nearly a thousand years earlier. Complete Points to Ponder as directed by your teacher. He never lost his perspective, as Saul did. David’s lamentation over the death of Saul was sincere and deep. It is one of the shocking and serious warnings of the Old Testament that a man may be ever so good and great and eminent and still have weaknesses which can lead to deeds that entirely overshadow and defeat the better self!” (Rasmussen, Introduction to the Old Testament, 1:185.). A good read. Fourth, God can work even in difficult situations. But Greenberg's point is obviously to look at the text itself, in light of its extensive inconsistencies, redundancies and apparent errors, to try to sort it all out. 12:31–32; Teachings, pp. 356–357.) If the war with the Philistines occurred prior to the capture of Jerusalem, the “hold” (v. 17) to which David went for safety was probably the cave of Adullam (see 1 Samuel 22:1–4). They were first enumerated by Pope Gregory I in the 6th century and later elaborated by St. Thomas Aquinas. “Uzzah’s offence consisted in the fact that he had touched the ark with profane feelings, although with good intentions, namely to prevent its rolling over and falling from the cart. We can learn from both aspects of his life. would bear still greater contempt from men than that which he had just received, and be humbled in his own eyes [see Psalm 131:1]: then would he also with the maidens attain to honour before the Lord. “The whole account which this young man gives is a fabrication: in many of the particulars it is grossly self-contradictory. There are many modern-day implications (see Reading 26-23). His rooftop at his neighbor’s wife the help of men to defend kingdom! 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